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名稱:18-冠醚-6
 

純度:99% 包裝:10kg/桶
結構式
    
    
CAS:  17455-13-9
分子式: C12H24O6
分子量: 264.32

中文名稱: 18-冠醚-6

英文名稱: 18-Crown-6
               1,4,7,10,13,16-Hexaoxacyclooctadecane

性質描述:  白色晶體,熔點  36-40°C,沸點116℃(26.6Pa)。閃點  >110°C ,可溶于水,冠醚又稱大環醚,是含有多個氧原子的大環化合物。命名時,把環上所含原子的總數標注在“冠”字之前,其中所含氧原子數標注在名稱之后。這是杜邦公司的Pedersen在1967年意外發現的,并發現這類化合物具有許多異常的特性。

產品質量
外觀:        白色晶體
含量:        99%
熔點:        38~41

用途:冠醚最主要的特點之一,是可與各種金屬鹽、銨鹽、有機陽離子化合物等形成穩定的絡合物。利用這一性質,可將各種鹽類溶于有機溶劑。冠醚可將陽離子螯環內,同時由于有朝外的有機基因可生成絡合物,亦可溶于非極性的有機溶劑。這時,未被溶劑化的陰離子,以裸露的陰離子形式存在于溶劑中,故活性極大。

冠醚可使堿金屬和有機堿金屬化合物溶解在有機溶劑中。因而在有機合成、光學拆分、重金屬螯合、分離、分析以及生理活性的醫藥、生物化學等方面找到廣泛的應用。例如,用作相轉移催化劑,使許多在傳統條件下難以反應,甚至不發生的反應,能順利地進行,這類反應速率快、條件簡單、操作方便、產率高。

例如,安息香在水溶液中的縮合反應產率極低,如果在該水溶液中加入7%的冠醚,則可得到產率為78%的安息香。這一反應還可在苯(或乙腈)中進行,盡管氰化鉀不溶于苯,但如果加入18-冠-6,則不僅能發生反應,而且產率可高達95%。

其它信息:
【Product Name】Hexaoxacyclo-octadecane  18-冠醚-6
【Synonyms】
1,4,7,10,13,16-hexaoxacyclooctadecane
18-Crown ether-6
Ethylene oxide cyclic hexamer
【CAS】17455-13-9
【Formula】C12H24O6
【Molecular Weight】264.32
【EINECS】241-473-5
【RTECS】MP4500000
【RTECS Class】Drug; Primary Irritant
【Merck】13,2630
【Beilstein/Gmelin】1619616
【Beilstein Reference】5-19-12-00601
【EC Class】harmful
Physical and Chemical Properties
【Appearance】Colorless solid.
【Solubility in water】Soluble
【Melting Point】37 - 39
【Boiling Point】396
【Vapor Pressure】4E-6 (25 C)
【Density】1.237 g/cm3 (25 C)
【Partition Coefficient】-.81
【Heat Of Vaporization】62.1 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】-7071 kJ/mol
【Usage】Useful as a phase transfer catalyst.
【Refractive Index】1.4577 (50 C)
First Aid Measures
【Ingestion】If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
【Inhalation】Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
【Skin】Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
【Eyes】Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Handling and Storage
【Storage】Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Handling】Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Hazards Identification
【Ingestion】The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if swallowed.
【Inhalation】The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Inhalation of dust may cause respiratory tract irritation.
【Skin】Causes skin irritation. Substance is rapidly absorbed through the skin.
【Eyes】Causes eye irritation.
【EC Risk Phrase】R 22 36/38
【EC Safety Phrase
S 26 36/37/39
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
【Personal Protection】Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Fire Fighting Measures
【Flash Point】163
【Fire Fighting】Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Accidental Release Measures
【Small spills/leaks】Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability and Reactivity
【Disposal Code】3
【Stability】No data.
【Incompatibilities】Strong oxidizing agents - strong acids.
【Decomposition】Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Transport Information
【HS Code】2932 99 95



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